Department of Speech-Language Therapy and Audiology
What is Speech Therapy
Speech therapy is the assessment and treatment of communication problems and speech disorders. It is performed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs), which are often referred to as speech therapists. Speech therapy techniques are used to improve communication. These include articulation therapy, language intervention activities, and others depending on the type of speech or disorder. Speech therapy may be needed for speech disorders that develop in childhood or speech impairments in adults caused by an injury or illness, such as stroke or brain injury
What is Audiology
Audiology is a branch of science that studies hearing, balance, and related disorders. Audiologists treat those with hearing loss and proactively prevent related damage. By employing various testing strategies, audiologists aim to determine whether someone has normal sensitivity to sounds
Services given for the following disorders at our department:-
- Childhood Apraxia of Speech.
- Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders.
- Speech Sound Disorders/Articulation Disorders
- Stuttering and Other Fluency Disorders.
- Autism-Related Speech Disorders.
- Resonance Disorders.
- Hearing Impairment: Auditory Verbal Therapy
Department of Occupational Therapy
Occupational Therapy (OT) can be described as the art and science of challenging an individual’s effort in specially selected activities that have been designed to restore and enhance his performance.
DEFINITION OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
Occupational therapy based on engagement in meaningful activities of daily life (such as self-care skills, education, work, or social interaction) specially to enable or encourage participation in such activities despite impairments or limitations in physical or mental functioning
Aims of Occuptionl therapy
The primary concern of it is to increase the patients ability to perform functions required for a meaningful life
- To facilitate the development of performance components of the patients.
- Neuro-muscular development
- Sensory integration development
- Psychological development
- Social development
- Cognitive development
- To enhance independence skills of the patients
- Self- care activities or ADL
- Home/school/work activities
- Playleisure’s activities
- To modify the environment with which patient interacts
- Personal care equipment
- Household appliances
- Work tools
- Special aims of OTs for person with MR
- To enhance hand function
- To enhance gross motor function
- To provide sensory stimulation
- To provide vocational training
- To enhance independence skills
- Scope of OTs
- Child development centre
- Special school
- Home care
- Work place
- Occupational Therapy Services at RVM school
- Sensory integration
- ADL (Activity of daily living) training
- Autism spectrum disorder
- Cerebral Palsy
- Attention deficits hyperactive disorder
- Hand writing difficulties
- Developmental delay disorder Learning disability
- Neurological disorder
Department of Physio Therapy
Role of physiotherapy in Rehabilitation of children with special needs.
Definition of physiotherapy: Physiotherapy is a health care profession concerned with helping to restore wellness to people following injury, pain or disability. Assess diagnose and treat injury and conditions that affect people in all ages and social group.
Goal of physiotherapy: The goal of physiotherapist is to promote-
- Patient’s ability to move
- Reduce pain
- Restore function
- Prevent disability
Role of Physiotherapy:
- The role of physiotherapist is to help children who have difficulty with functional movement, poor balance and challenges moving through their environment.
- Some children have low muscle tone, some have poor balance others may not be well coordinated and others may have combination of all of the above.
- After assessment the physiotherapist will design and implement a program that will help to improve the individual child’s areas of needs and increase overall function.
- Prevent disability
Physiotherapy areas of interventions:
- Gross motor skills
- Fine motor skills
- Functional mobility
- Resistance training
- Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy
- Stretching exercises
- Postural training
- Orthotics and prosthetic advice
- Gait training
We also organize free physiotherapy camps in rural area near by our institution for the children with disabilities. It includes giving free physiotherapy advise to old age and general population.